Hunger and poverty facts

To end hunger once and for all, it’s important for all of us to know our world.

Hunger is not just about food. Hunger is inextricably linked to a nexus of issues including: economic equality, health, education, social justice, the rights of women and girls and climate change. As an organization committed to growth through learning, we pay close attention to these issues. To end hunger once and for all, it’s important for all of us to know our world.

World Population

7.7 billion

World Hunger Facts

Chronic hunger and malnourishment is worst in Asia, Africa and Latin America — the very regions we work in at The Hunger Project.

  • 690 million people are chronically undernourished. This is a continuation of a multi-year increase in hungry people around the world — a trend largely attributed to climate change, economic inequality and conflict.
  • 99% of the world’s undernourished people live in mid- and low-income countries.

Women and Children

Women as change agents are essential to achieving the end of hunger and poverty. Which is why, everywhere we work, our programmes build the capacity of women.


Rural communities participating in our programmes have access to income-generating workshops. For example, our Microfinance Programme in Africa provides access to credit, adequate training and instilling in our partners the importance of saving.

  • 736 million people, almost 1 in 10 people in the world, live under $1.90 a day, and over half of the extreme poor (413 million) live in Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Nearly 328 million children are living in extreme poverty.

HIV/AIDS and other Diseases

Our HIV/AIDS and Gender Inequality Campaign, launched in 2003, works at the grassroots level to provide education about preventative and treatment measures.

  • 9 million people are living with HIV/AIDS.
  • 9 million [58.3 million–98.1 million] people have become infected with HIV since the start of the epidemic.
  • The vast majority of people living with HIV are located in low- and middle- income countries, with an estimated 25.6 million [23.2 million-28.2 million] living in Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Since 2010, new HIV infections among children have declined by 41%, from 280,000 [190,000-430,000] in 2010 to 160,000 [110,000-260,000] in 2018.


In each region in which we work, we ensure access to tools and training that increase farming production at the local level. 

Water and sanitation

The Hunger Project works with communities to develop new water resources, ensure clean water and improved sanitation, and implement water conservation techniques.

Razia, Bangladesh

“Every woman should be skilled and economically self-reliant… Otherwise, the problems of women could never be solved…”

Rita, Ghana

“I worked with the teachers, sensitising the school children on the effects and the harms teenage pregnancy can do to them.”

Rejeya, Bangladesh

“Now I do not pass the night without food and my other family members can eat full meals at night.”

Photography credits: Banner image – Johannes Ode